Many miles of hedgerows have been removed for various reasons over the last few decades. The remaining hedgerows on the Great Plains are habitat islands for those creatures that prefer the forest to the prairie. Along with the gallery forest found next to streams and rivers, hedgerows provide a place to live for many kinds of wildlife that would not otherwise be found on the prairie. In areas that have been converted to agriculture, hedgerows may be the only winter shelter available for wildlife. Osage Orange trees are the backbone of most of those hedgerows and are a distinctive member of the flora of the Great Plains.