Anabolic Steroids for Sport
Antinuclear Antibody Screen (ANA); Anti Strptolysin-O (ASO); Calcium (Ca); Chem 6 [Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN); Creatinine; Electrolytes [ Carbon Dioxide (CO2); Chloride (CL); Potassium (K); Sodium (Na) ]; Complete Blood Count [ Automated Differential; Hematocrit (Hct); Hemoglobin (Hgb); Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH); Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC); Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV); Platelet (PLT); Red Blood Cell Count (RBC); Red Cell Distribution Width Standard Deviation (RDWSD); Red Cell Distribution Width Coefficient Variation (RDWCV); White Blood Cell Count (WBC)] ; C-Reactive Protein (CRP); Creatine Kinase (CK); Epstein-Barr Virus Basic Panel [Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody IgG; Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody IgM] ; Estrogen, Total; Glucose Random; HLA-B27 Antigen; Insulin - Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1 / Somatomedin C); Magnesium (Mg); Parathyroid Hormones Intact (PTH Intact); Progesterone; Protein Electrophoresis; Rheumatoid Factor (RF); Sedimentation Rate (ESR); Testosterone, Total; Thyroid Profile with TSH [Free Thyroxine Index (FTI); T3 Uptake; Thyroid Stimulated Hormone (TSH); Thyroxine Total (T4)]; Uric Acid
The double bond of cycloartenol (compound 7 in diagram) is methylated by SAM to give a carbocation that undergoes a hydride shift and loses a proton to yield a compound with a methylene side-chain. Both of these steps are catalyzed by sterol C-24 methyltransferase (Step E1 in diagram). Compound 8 is then catalyzed by sterol C-4 demethylase (E2) and loses a methyl group to produce cycloeucalenol. Subsequent to this, the cyclopropane ring is opened with cycloeucalenol cycloisomerase (E3) to form 10 . Compound 10 loses a methyl group and undergoes an allylic isomerization to form Gramisterol 11 . This step is catalyzed by sterol C-14 demethylase (E4), sterol Δ14-reductase (E5), and sterol Δ8-Δ7-isomerase (E6). The last methyl group is removed by sterol demethylase (E7) to form episterol 12 . Episterol 12 is methylated by SAM to produce a second carbocation, which loses a proton to yield 13 . This step is catalyzed by 24-methylenesterol C-methyltransferase (E8). Compound 13 now undergoes reduction by NADPH and modifications in the β-ring to form β-sitosterol.